Floral thrips

Floral thrips - the world of plants

Floral thrips

  • The scientific name : Frankliniella sp
  • The type of disease: Insect
  • the family : Thripidae
  • Symptoms of flower thrips:
  • Leaves and flowers become distorted and hinder the growth of young plants.
  • The upper part of the plant leaves is damaged very quickly, in addition to the deformation of the fruits.
  • Black spots appear on plant leaves, which are the pest’s droppings
  • White or brown spots appear on flowers or leaves as plant cells are destroyed.
  • Infected leaves suffer from curling and bending of the edges.

Floral thrips - the world of plants

  • A picture showing you the insect on the fruit.

Floral thrips - the world of plants

-A picture showing you the damage caused by the insect to the plant.

    • Description of the insect:
  • The insect is pale brown or black with light collars on the abdominal vertebrae and is (1) 1.5 mm long.
  • Young insect nymphs are less dark and black in color than adults, except for the head, antennae and legs, which are lemon yellow.

Floral thrips - the world of plants

-A picture that shows you what the complete (adult) insect looks like.

Floral thrips - the world of plants

-A picture that shows you what the insect and nymph look like.

  • Causes of flower thrips:
  • It is active during the spring as the temperature rises
  • It is transmitted by wind and through infected plants
  • It is transmitted as a result of the use of agricultural tools
  • It spreads very quickly in plastic reserves.
  • The farmer does not care about the general condition of the fields and orchards of strawberries, citrus fruits, cherries, peaches, and others.
  • Growing crops and small plants between fruit trees is not permissible.
  • Neglecting mineral fertilization of fruit trees and small plants weakens their resistance to pests and attracts thrips.
  • Suitable conditions for the spread of flower thrips:

Temperatures above 28°C encourage this thrips in fields and orchards

  • Floral thrips development cycle:
  • The female embeds her eggs in the tissues of flower buds or flat leaves
  • The wingless nymphs live on wrapped leaves and go through three stages.
  • The pest's life cycle takes (2-5) weeks.
  • The flower thrips insect is active in spring and summer.
  • The pest spends the winter under the leaves, in the cracks of buds ready to open, or in the cracks of the stems, twigs and branches of fruit trees.
  • In spring, with high temperatures of 28°C and above, the pest migrates to the lower surface of the leaves.
  • After mating, the female begins laying about 50-100 eggs starting in mid-April with her egg-laying machine. Eggs are laid within the tissues of the lower surface of the leaf, or within the buds.
  • The first generation insects appear in March, while the second generation insects begin to appear in August, or may be delayed until the beginning of September. As for the third and final generation insects, they appear at the beginning of October, as they migrate to a new place when damaged flowers fall in the fields.
  • Losses from the spread of flower thrips
  • Thrips are considered one of the most harmful pests to crops because they scrape the inner membranes of plant leaves, making them weak and reducing growth opportunities until they reach the stage of damage.
  • Insects can transmit viruses, especially those that cause wilt.
  • They feed on fruits, causing them to become infected with bacteria.
  • Decreased marketing value of the crop as a result of deformed fruits.

Floral thrips - the world of plants

-A picture showing symptoms of severe infection (leaves curling).

  • Control strategy
  • Preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of flower thrips
  • Continuing to expose the soil to the sun, which helps eliminate insects found inside the soil
  • Get rid of weeds in the soil regularly
  • Pay attention to abundant irrigation before planting.
  • Do not overuse nitrogen fertilizers.
  • Dispose of any plant waste in the place and remove infected plants.
  • Remove flowers and leaves that have been infected with thrips to help the flowers grow again
  • Chemical and organic control recommendations against flower thrips
  • Organic control: Plant insect-resistant plants, avoiding planting next to grassy areas.
  • Organic or plastic mulch can be used on rows to reduce the spread of thrips.
  • Use sticky traps near planted plants.
  • Use a damp cloth to eliminate the largest amount of thrips and get rid of their larvae.
  • Predators such as lion aphid larvae as well as aphid larvae
  • Chemical control: Equal amounts of superphosphate and potassium are soaked in water for a full day, filtered and sprayed on the leaves to prevent infection.
  • We rely on the use of mineral oils such as Oil 95, Actelec 50, and Sumethion 50% EC, which are sprayed alternately to eliminate thrips.
  • Treatment is not carried out until the population reaches less than 10 individuals on the plant and flowers. Spraying every two weeks for 3-4 sprays. Stop spraying no less than 21 days before harvesting.
  • References
  • JOHNSEN, Roberto M. The Frankliniella curiosa species group (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Revista de Biología Tropical, 1998, 46: 717-738.
  • Navas, S. V., Funderburk, J. E., Beshear, R. J., Olson, S. M., & Mack, T. P. (1991). Seasonal patterns of Frankliniella spp. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in tomato flowers. Journal of Economic Entomology, 84(6), 1818-1822
  • PRZYBYLSKA, Arnika; FIEDLER, Żaneta; OBRĘPALSKA-STĘPLOWSKA, Aleksandra. PCR-RFLP method to distinguish Frankliniella occidentalis, Frankliniella intonsa, Frankliniella pallida and Frankliniella tenuicornis. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 2016






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