Peanuts

Picture of a peanut plant

Peanut is a type of oil crop that grows on the peanut plant. Peanuts are a rich source of protein, fibre, healthy fats, vitamins and minerals.

It also has many health benefits, such as enhancing heart health, strengthening the immune system, and improving skin and hair health. Peanuts can be eaten as a snack, added to salads and meals, or used as butter made from peanuts in cooking.

Peanut - the world of plants

How to grow peanuts

Here's how to grow peanuts:

Choose the appropriate location

It is best to choose a sunny location that provides good water drainage.

The soil should have a good layer of loosened sand and clay soil.

Soil preparation

The soil should be plowed to a depth of about 10-15 cm, removing weeds and stones. Organic fertilizer can be added to improve soil quality.

Planting seeds: Place the seeds in pre-plowed furrows about 5 cm deep and 10-15 cm apart from each other. Use high quality seeds.

Irrigation: Suitable soil moisture must be ensured while plants are growing. It is recommended to water the plants regularly by spraying or placing a drip irrigation system near the plants.

Caring for plants

Weeds should be removed regularly around emerging plants and provided with good support as the plant grows older.

Peanut harvest

About 90-110 days after planting, you can tell your peanuts are ready for harvest by watching their outer shell turn brown.

You can cut the plant into the pods and hang them to dry the peanuts before harvesting them.

These are general procedures for growing peanuts.

It is recommended to research more, obtain information specific to your area, and consult with local farmers for further advice and guidance.

How to grow peanuts at home

Growing peanuts at home is easy and can be done using the following steps:

Choose the appropriate land

You should choose a sunny location for planting peanuts.

The soil is preferably nutrient-rich and well-drained.

Soil preparation

It is preferable to plow the soil well and remove weeds and gravel. Organic fertilizer such as permafrost or chicken manure can be added to improve soil fertility.

Planting seeds

Peanut seeds are placed in the ground about 5 cm deep, with an interval of about 10-15 cm between each seed.

Irrigation

After planting the seeds, the soil must be irrigated well so that it is moist. Then the volume of irrigation can be reduced after the seedlings appear.

Daily care

Weeds around emerging plants should be removed and excess leaves trimmed to stimulate plant growth.

Fertilization

A balanced fertilizer can be applied during the growing period to enhance plant productivity. It is advisable to consult on specific fertilization methods and according to local needs.

Peanut harvest

Peanuts can be harvested after the plants grow and the pods mature. The pods should be collected and dried well before opening them for seed use.

The date and lands suitable for agriculture

Manna says that the best time to plant the peanut crop is mid-April to mid-May. As for agricultural lands, the peanut crop is best cultivated in yellow and sandy lands, but it is not cultivated in heavy clay lands or poorly drained lands.

Varieties, seed rate and treatment

Among the varieties that are grown are Giza 4, 5, and 6. As for the seed rate, an acre needs 75 to 80 kg of pods, or about 40-50 kg of seeds.

As for the methods of seed treatment, they are dealt with before planting as follows:

Fungicides are applied one day before planting and treated with one of the following compounds:

  • Thiram at a rate of 3g/kg seeds
  • Thiophanate methyl at a rate of 3 g/kg seeds
  • Hemexazole at a rate of 3g/kg of seeds

As for the treatment with the contract, it is done immediately before planting, which is bacteria bags that work to stabilize atmospheric nitrogen in the soil, and the seeds are treated with it before planting.

Preparing the land for planting

As for preparing the land, the land is plowed well with the following fertilizers added: organic fertilizer (20 cubic meters/acre) + super phosphate (200-300 kg/acre) + potassium sulfate (25 kg/acre). Then the land is planned into lines 80 cm wide on the back of the terrace. Irrigation hoses are spread over the lines, and it can also be planted with a sprinkler or pivot irrigation system.

Cultivation process

Manna continued: As for the agricultural process, the seeds are planted on both sides of the terrace, at a distance of 10 cm between the hollows. Irrigation is also carried out immediately after the completion of the planting process, so that the two nodes added to the seeds are not affected.

Irrigation and fertilization operations

Irrigation is carried out almost daily, or one and a day, or one and two days, depending on the nature of the soil and the prevailing weather conditions in each region

As for fertilization, nitrogen fertilization is done in the event of successful bacterial inoculation (two decades). Here, a rate of 50 kilograms of urea fertilizer or ammonium nitrate is added. If bacterial inoculation is not successful, ammonium nitrate fertilizer is added at a rate of 100 kilograms/acre, divided into stages until the beginning of flowering.

In phosphate fertilization: Phosphoric acid fertilizer is added at a rate of 30 kg/acre and added with irrigation water and divided into batches from after germination until the flowering and contracting stage.

In potassium fertilization, add at a rate of (50 kg/acre potassium sulfate fertilizer).

Calcium fertilizer is also added at a rate of 25 kg/acre, calcium nitrate fertilizer during the flowering process.

Micronutrients: Spraying with micronutrients (iron, zinc, manganese, and boron) at a rate of 500 g/acre, twice a season.

Weed control, ripening and harvesting

Manna concluded that in the case of combating broad-leaved weeds, spraying is done with a compound (pentazone), and to combat narrow-leaved weeds, spraying is done with a compound (clethodum - or haloxyfop p-methyl - or fluzifop p-butyl).

As for maturity, its signs include yellowing of the leaves and the ease of opening of the pods when pressed, then the inner seed shells are colored red, and the harvest occurs after approximately 120 days of age, pointing out that by following the correct cultivation methods, the production rate reaches from 1,500 to 2,000 kg per acre.

the reviewer

https://www.dalil-ar.com/2023/06/The-method-of-growing-peanuts.html

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