Eggplant stem borer: Eggplant stem borer Euzophora Treit.

Eggplant stem borer: Eggplant stem borer Euzophora Treit. - The world of plants

Eggplant stem borer: Eggplant stem borer Euzophora Treit. - The world of plants

Eggplant stem borer: Eggplant stem borer Euzophora Treit.

Symptoms of injury 

* The infection begins from April to May on grapevine.

Eggplant stem borer: Eggplant stem borer Euzophora Treit. - The world of plants• The insect begins to appear in permanent soil in June on eggplant and continues until the end of the eggplant season.

• The insect larvae feed by digging in the stem of the plant, where the leaves of the affected branch turn yellow, including all the leaves (similar to an iron deficiency). Continuing feeding by the larvae leads to the drying out of the affected plant branch as a result of the lack of water and nutrients reaching the affected branch.

• The larva excretes the product of the larva’s excavation mixed with the insect’s feces, which is sawdust, to feed •

The larvae on the soil surface. •

When potato tubers are present, the larvae dig a superficial tunnel in the tuber. pain


– Potatoes, eggplant, tobacco, and green peppers.

Formal description:

The adult insect is a yellowish-brown butterfly. The color of the front wings is yellowish-brown. There is a dark spot in the middle of each wing. On the outer edge there are two zigzag lines. The distance between the front wings when they are open is 10-12 mm. The color of the back wings is white and has yellow veins. . The length of the butterfly ranges between six and eight millimeters.

The larva has 5 instars, and its color in the fifth instar is yellowish white, the color of the head and first thorax is brown, and its length is 14-15 mm.

The pupa is located inside a white silk cocoon about 10.4 mm long.

Symptoms of injury and damage:

The harmful stage is the larvae that attacks the stem and burrows into it from top to bottom. The infestation leads to hollowing out of the stem, which leads to the stem being easily split by the wind. Entry holes for the larvae are seen on the stem, and insect waste emerges from it.

life cycle: 

The insect spends the winter hibernation period as a fully-developed larvae inside a silk cocoon inside the infected stem or among plant debris.

- In the spring, the insect returns to its activity and the larvae turn into pupae within the cocoons. Adults appear in May, and the fertilized females behave like laying solitary eggs on the stem of the affected plant. The embryonic development period ranges from five to seven days.

The duration of larval development ranges from five to six weeks.

The fully-developed larva cannot fit into the tunnel it digs, and the pupal stage takes from two to three weeks. The adult insect repeats the life cycle, as the insect has five generations per year.

Eggplant stem borer: Eggplant stem borer Euzophora Treit. - The world of plants


– Remove plant residues and exclude infected tubers.

Chemical control is directed against adult individuals, during egg laying, to eliminate newly hatched larvae, and before they enter the stem.

- You can use one of the following pesticides: Anthio-Lipacid and other modern pesticides.

Control 1-Getting rid of weeds, especially grapevine weeds, so that they are not a source of infection.

2- Periodic examination to identify the presence of the insect by examining the stems weekly and noting the presence of the larvae’s feeding products.

3- Since this pest hibernates in the stems of plants, the remains of the previous crop must be disposed of by burning as soon as the plants are finished uprooting.

4- Eliminate the larvae inside the plant tunnel using a flexible wire. 5

Completely infected plants are removed and burned to kill the larvae present in them.

6- Control is carried out preventively, as it is beneficial to use pesticides used on other eggplant pests that may eliminate the larvae in their early ages. Control can be done by injecting a pesticide into the infestation tunnel to kill the larvae in the infected plant.

Eggplant pests...a researcher explains the most prominent ones and methods of biological and chemical control - Misr Agricultural Channel (

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